Who is a gynecologist and when you should visit them?

A gynecologist deals with female reproductive organs. An obstetrician is a kind of gynecologist who specializes in pregnancy and childbirth.

Women should start visiting a gynecologist from their early teens and continue to attend a well-woman clinic for general health issues too.

A visit to the gynecologist is recommended for annual screening and any time a woman has concerns about symptoms such as pelvic, vulvar, and vaginal pain or abnormal bleeding from the uterus.

You should visit a gynecologist for any of the problems listed below.

Conditions commonly treated by gynecologists include:

  1. Issues relating to pregnancy, fertility, menstruation, and menopause
  2. Family planning, including contraception, sterilization, and pregnancy termination
  3. Problems with tissues that support the pelvic organs, uterine prolapse, including weak  ligaments and muscles
  4. Sexually transmitted infections presenting with burning, pain, vaginal discharge, itching, etc
  5. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOD/PCOS)
  6. Urinary  incontinence
  7. Benign conditions of the reproductive tract, for example, ovarian cysts, fibroids, breast disorders, vulvar and vaginal ulcers, and other non-cancerous changes
  8. Premalignant conditions, such as endometrial hyperplasia, and cervical dysplasia
  9. Cancers of the reproductive tract and the breasts, and pregnancy-related tumors
  10. Congenital abnormalities of the female reproductive tract
  11. Emergency care relating to gynecology
  12. Endometriosis, a chronic condition that affects the reproductive system
  13. Pelvic inflammatory diseases, including abscesses
  14. Sexuality, including health issues relating to same-sex and bisexual relationships
  15. Sexual dysfunction