A hysterectomy is an operation to remove a woman's uterus (womb). The uterus is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. In some cases, the ovaries and fallopian tubes also are removed uterus.
A woman may need to remove her uterus due to the following reasons:
There are several types of hysterectomies:
If you haven't reached menopause (when you haven't had a period for 12 months in a row), a hysterectomy will stop your monthly bleeding (periods). You also won't be able to get pregnant. And you may have menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness. If both ovaries are removed as well, you will suddenly enter menopause.
There are two METHODS for performing hysterectomy:
Laparoscopic hysterectomy involves removal of the uterus through small incisions instead of through a large cut in the abdominal cavity.
Procedure: The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and with small incisions of around 5mm on the abdomen. The abdominal cavity is now filled with carbon dioxide gas and a thin, lighted telescope (also called a laparoscope) is introduced into the abdomen through a small incision. The laparoscope, which has a camera attached, allows the surgeon to view ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus on the wide monitor attached with the laparoscope. Other instruments are inserted through other incisions in the abdominal cavity. Now the real procedure starts as the surgeon first secures and divides the blood vessels of the uterus followed by freeing it (uterus) from the surrounding supports including the vagina to which it is attached. Other pathologies are also seen and fixed before removing the uterus from the pelvis. After removal of the uterus, the vagina is closed, carbon dioxide gas is released and finally, skin incisions are closed.
Advantages of laparoscopic Hysterectomy